University of Texas is also known as UT according to AbbreviationFinder.org. It is one of the top public universities in the US, and is currently ranked one of the top 30 universities in the world, known for having top 20 programs in business, education, engineering, law, and pharmaceuticals. Located in the city of Austin, Texas, USA. The main campus is located less than a mile from the Texas State Capitol in Austin and was founded in 1883.
The formal opening of the University of Texas at Austin occurred in 1883, we can say that its history begins in 1839, when the Congress of the Republic of Texas ordered the reservation of land for the construction of facilities. It was not until 1882 that the first stone of what was the first Main Building of the University was laid, but classes did not take long to begin.
In its early years, the University was structured around a single academic department (with six schools, since the university long regarded the departments as the main organizational unit) and a department of Law. Little by little, their number grew until in 1994 there were eight colleges and seven schools. The number of students began to grow, especially after the end of the Second World War, and with it the facilities of the institution.
In 1967, the university adopted the official name of the University of Texas at Austin, although its campus is only one of the fifteen pieces that make up the system of the University of Texas (Texas University System). Currently, the University of Texas at Austin awards about 12,000 academic degrees each year. Around 51,000 students are enrolled in it.
The university has about 1.4 km² on its main campus next to the city center, and about 850 acres (3.4 km²) in total, including the JJ Pickle Research Campus north of Austin and other properties in Austin and in various Texas points.
One of the main symbols of the campus is the Main Building, including its nearly 100 meter high tower designed by Paul Philippe Cret. Completed in 1937, the Main Building sits in the center of the campus. The tower usually glows white at night but, on different important occasions (for example, sports victories or academic achievements) it glows orange. Sometimes the tower is not lit for solemn occasions. At the top of the tower is a carillon with 56 bells, the largest in Texas. In addition to the typical rooms (between 6 in the morning and 9 at night), other songs can be heard during the week, thanks to the resident carillonero Tom Anderson.
The University of Texas has 7 museums and 17 libraries, with more than 8 million books. Among the catalog of one of them, that of the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, is an original of Gutenberg’s Bible, as well as the first photograph on record: View from the window in Le Gras, taken by Nicéphore Niépce. In April 2006, the Blanton Museum of Art opened its doors, in its 14,000m² it houses approximately 17,000 works from Europe, the United States and Latin America.
The expansion of the university continues. In February 2006 an extension of the football stadium was approved. And in March of that same year, the students voted in a referendum to build a new Student Activity Center next to the Gregory Gym on the east side of campus. The project has an estimated cost of 51 million dollars and is expected to start between 2010 and 2012. The money for this work will come mainly from students, the price of tuition will go up 65 dollars per semester.
A public university radio station, KUT, provides local FM service as well as streaming audio on the Internet. The university uses Capital Metro as a bus service provider for students on campus and in Austin
Personalities who studied at the University
At UT Austin, prominent personalities have studied and been professors. More than 15 graduates have served in the US Senate and House of Representatives, like Lloyd Bentsen, who served as a Senator. There is also Secretary of State James Baker, former Secretary of Education William J. Bennett, and former Secretary of Commerce Donald Evans. Former First Lady Laura Bush and her daughter Jenna are both Texas graduates, as is former First Lady Lady Bird Johnson. In foreign governments, the university has been represented by Fernando Belaúnde Terry, President of Peru, Mostafa Chamran, former Minister of Defense of Iran, and Abdullah al-Tariki, co-founder of OPEC. In addition, the Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority, Salam Fayyad, who graduated from university, obtaining a doctorate in economics.
In the area of literature and journalism, UT Austin has Pulitzer Prize winners Gail Caldwell and Ben Sargent. Walter Cronkite, the CBS news anchor, as well as CNN’s Betty Nguyen. The former student of JM Coetzee received the 2003 Nobel Prize for Literature. Novelist Raymond Benson was the official author of the James Bond novels, between 1996-2002. Donna Alvermann, a distinguished professor and researcher in the Department of Education at the University of Georgia, also graduated from the University of Texas, as did Wallace Clift and Jean Dalby Clift, authors of several books in the fields of the psychology of religion and spiritual growth.
- Students at the University of Texas at Austinare known as Longhorns, after Bevo, their iconic mascot. It is a longhorn, a breed of cattle typical of the state of Texas, characterized by huge horns.
- The library is considered the sixth best, with a total of more than 7.5 million books in its catalog.
- The University of Texas does not have a medical school, but has programs with other campuses and health professional programs. The School of Pharmacy is considered the second best in the United States.
- All current professors hold master’s or doctoral degrees, speak at least one foreign language, and have taught, traveled, or lived outside of the S. They also have a minimum of five years of teaching experience, and many of them They have been for more than 20 years.
- The university has an extensive system of underground tunnelslinking many of the buildings. The tunnel system is closed to the public and protected with alarms, it is used for communications.
- The University of Texasowns and operates a1 megawatt nuclear reactor at the JJ Pickle Research Campus.