University of Michigan is also known as UM according to AbbreviationFinder.org. It is a public research university, located in Ann Arbor, Michigan in the United States. It is the oldest university in the state and is the Michigan campus. It has been ranked as one of the top five research universities in the US and among the top 20 in the world.
Created in Detroit as the Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigan, about 20 years before the Michigan Territory officially became a state. In 1837, coinciding with the creation of the state of Michigan, he moved to Ann Arbor. In 1958 he opened a new campus in Dearborn and later another in Flint. It has more than 55,000 students enrolled.
Founded in 1817 by the legislation of the Michigan territory in Detroit, it occupies an area of 7.76 kilometers ceded by the Treaty of Fort Meigs from the populations of Chippewa, Ottawa and Potawatomi. Ann Arbor set aside 16 acres that it hoped would become the site for a new state capital, but offered this property for the university when Lansing was chosen as the new state capital. The land in Detroit was sold, and the university moved to Ann Arbor in 1837. The original 16 hectares became part of the current central campus.
The first classes in Ann Arbor were held in 1841, with six freshmen and one sophomore, with two teachers teaching. Eleven students took part in the first graduation ceremony in 1845. By 1866, the staff grew to 1,205 students, many of whom were veterans of the American Civil War. In 1870 female students were allowed access, making this university the first major university to do so and the third nationally after Oberlin College in 1883 and Lawrence University in 1847.
Since its establishment in Ann Arbor, the university has physically expanded to include more than 584 major buildings with a combined area of more than 31 million square feet and transformed its academic program from a strictly classical curriculum to one that includes science. and research. UM was the site of the greatest student activism in the 1960s. When presidential candidate John F. Kennedy visited the University on October 14, 1960, he gave an impromptu speech on the steps of the Michigan Union that led to the creation of the Corps. of peace.
The university has a very high level of research activity and its comprehensive postgraduate program offers master’s degrees in the humanities, social sciences, and STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), as well as professional master’s degrees in medicine, law and dentistry.
From 1900 to 1920, the university built many new facilities, including buildings for the dental and pharmacy programs, chemistry, natural sciences, the Hill Auditorium, large library and hospital buildings, and two residence halls. In 1920, the university reorganized the College of Engineering, and formed an advisory commission of 100 industrialists to guide academic research initiatives. College became a favored option for smart students.
Most graduate and professional schools, including the Ross School of Business, the School of Law, and the School of Dentistry, are located on Central Campus. Two prominent libraries, the Harlan Hatcher Graduate Library, and the Shapiro Undergraduate Library which are connected by walkway, also located on the Central Campus, have museums with collections in archeology, anthropology, ontologism, zoology, dentistry, and art.
Ten of the buildings on Central Campus were designed by Detroit-based architect Albert Kahn between 1904 and 1936. The most notable buildings designed by Kahn are the Burton Memorial Tower and the Hill Auditorium.
North Campus is the most contiguous campus, built independently of the city on an approximately 800 acre parcel of country land that the university purchased in 1952. It is newer than the Central Campus, and has more modern architecture, while most of Central Campus has buildings with classical or Gothic style.
The architect Eero Saarinen, created one of the plans for the North Campus and designed some of the buildings in 1950, including the building of the School of Music Earl V. Moore. The North and Central Campuses have bell towers which reflect the predominant style of architecture in their surroundings. The North Campus bell tower is called the Lurie Tower. The largest residence hall at the University of Michigan, Bursley Room, is located on North Campus
Currently, the University of Michigan has the following colleges:
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Literature, Science and the Arts
- Ford School of Public Policy
- law School
- Faculty of Medicine
- Ross College of Business
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Informatics
- Faculty of Music, Theater and Dance
- Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment
- Pharmacy faculty
- Faculty of Public Health
- Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning
- The university is the economic engine that drives the city, providing approximately one job for every three adult inhabitants.
- The oldest faculty is the one of Literature, Sciences and Arts