Pakistan is an Islamic parliamentary republic in South Asia with the capital Islamabad. The core area of the country is the lowlands along the Indus, which merges to the east into the Thar desert. In the north, Pakistan is part of the high mountain ranges of the Hindu Kush, Karakoram and Himalayas. The mountainous lands of Balochistan rise to the west. The climate is subtropical-continental and generally very dry. Pakistan is one of the most populous countries in the world….