Columbia University

Columbia University

Columbia University is also known as CU according to It is a private university education institution and one of the most prestigious in the world, officially called Columbia University in the City of New York, in English (Columbia University in the City of New York). He is a member of the Ivy League.


Established in 1754 under the name of King’s College by means of a charter granted by King George II of Great Britain and Ireland, it was reopened under the name of Columbia College after the American War of Independence. Originally located in lower Manhattan, it was moved in 1897 to Morningside Heights, located in the northwest part. Notable institutional progress was made during the university terms of Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard (1864 – 1889) and Seth Low (1890 – 1901).

The modern reputation of the cloister comes from the long period in which it was in charge of Nicholas Murray Butler (1902 – 1945). Dwight D. Eisenhower served as rector of the University between 1948 and 1953, before becoming president of the United States.

The highest governing authority is constituted by a committee of 24 administrators. The University Senate (comprised of members of the administration, faculty, alumni, and students) is responsible for developing campus policy.

Center data

Activities for non-graduates

The oldest division of the University, Columbia College, offers courses aimed at obtaining a Bachelor of Arts degree. Initially restricted to men, this faculty became mixed in 1983. Barnard College for Women became an associate center of the University in 1890.

Columbia University

Professional and Graduate Centers

The medical school, founded in 1767 and later merged with the College of Physicians and Surgeons, is now part of a complex, located in northern Manhattan and dedicated to the health sciences, which includes the colleges of Dentistry, Nursing and Public Health. Other established professional and graduate centers were, in chronological order, the faculties of Law, Engineering, Architecture, Social Work, Journalism (donated in 1912 by the American journalist and newspaper editor Joseph Pulitzer), Business, Fine Arts, Dramatic Art and Music, and Public and International Affairs. Affiliated centers are the School of Education and the Theological Seminary of the Union. The College of General Studies offers careers to students over the age of 21, either full-time or part-time.

Outside the city, Columbia University maintains the Nevis Laboratory, intended for research in the field of Physics, and the Lamont-Doherty terrestrial observatory, which has extensive facilities for the study of Geophysics and Oceanography.

Buildings and publications

Nestled within a highly populated urban area, Columbia’s Morningside Heights campus blends traditional with contemporary architecture. The university library, centralized in the Butler Library and containing more than six million volumes, constitutes one of the largest collections in the nation. In 1877 the Columbia Daily Spectator newspaper was founded. Other college publications include Jester, a humorous magazine produced by undergraduate students, the Columbia Journalism Review, and the Columbia Law Review. The Columbia University Publishing House has been an affiliate of the University since 1893. Every year the institution awards the Pulitzer Prizes.

Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Institute of Technology. It is a public university (receives 20% of its budget from public funds) of the city of Atlanta, Georgia (United States).

Historical review

It was founded in October of the year 1888. Originally, the university was called “Georgia School of Technology” (Georgia School of Technology). In 1948, the name was changed to the current name of Georgia Institute of Technology. The first class had 84 students. Female students were allowed in 1952. Currently, more than 16,000 students attend the institute and approximately 30 percent of the students are women. African-American students were allowed in in the 1960s without a court order. It is currently the university that produces the most African-American engineers in the United States.

Georgia Tech specializes in engineering education, but also has programs in architecture, science, management, informatics, political science, and international relations. Georgia Tech ranks alongside MIT, Stanford University, California Institute of Technology, and the University of California at Berkeley as one of the top engineering universities in the United States. According to the US News & World Report ranking, it is among the top 5.


The university is among the top four engineering colleges in the United States. His degrees are highly ranked in the ranks of American universities: Industrial Engineering (First), Biomedical (Third), Mechanics (Third), Aerospace (Second), Electrical and Electronics (Fourth), Chemistry (Ninth), and Civil Engineering (Third). In 2007 and 2008, THE – QS World University Rankings ranked Georgia Tech # 8 in technology in the world, down from # 12 in 2009. The US News and World Report ranks Georgia Tech # 13 in world computing and engineering in 2010.

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